Top 10 interesting and fun facts about the city of Granada.
1. Granada was a Muslim Kingdom for almost 781 years, which is the longest culture to rule in Spain.
2. City symbol is the pomegranate which is logical considering that "granada" in Spanish means 'pomegranate.'
3. Granada is the only city in Spain where you get free tapas with your beverage, wine, beer or soda.
4. There are hidden gardens throughout the Albayzin area, called Carmens, the most ancient part of the city which turned 1000 years old in 2013.
5. Granada has 250 days of sunlight.
6. The city was the last stronghold of Muslim Spain which fell to the Catholic Monarchs in 1492.
7. Granada is home to 3 UNESCO World Heritage sites – Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzin.
8. Almost 3 million tourists from all around the world visit Granada and the Alhambra every year.
9. In the Royal Chapel of Granada are the sarcophagi of Queen Isabella I and King Ferdinand, their daughter Juana and her husband Phillipe.
10. Sierra Nevada has the highest point of continental Spain, Mulhacén at 3,478 metres/11,410 feet
Top 10 interesting and fun facts about the Alhambra
The word 'Alhambra' is a short form of the word 'Calat Alhambra' (Red Castle) which is the name given to the palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. The complex started off as a small fortress that was built in 899 by a Jewish community. After years of neglect, the Sultan Mohammad Nazrid of Granada began to rebuilt it in the 13th century. The area was to later be expanded into a fortified royal city for the Sultan, his family, servants, army and others who contributed to the upkeep and execution of the palace. Several thousand residents lived inside the walls.The rest of the Muslim community lived in the Albayzin on the hill opposite the Alhambra hill called Sabika.
Check out some interesting facts about the palace below.
1. The Alhambra Palace was home to the Nazrid dynasty from 1238 until 1492 when the Catholic Monarchs Queen Isabel and King Fernando conquered the last Muslim Dynasty.
2. In 1527, the Palace of Charles V, built by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor was started within the Nazrid's Alhambra fortifications.
3. Alhambra is located on al-Sabika Hill, on the southeastern border of the city of Granada.
4. The Palace was strategically located on the hill to give view of the whole expanse of the city of Granada as well as the farm lands, known as the vega de Granada.
5. The plateau on which the palace was built measures about 740 meters (2430 ft.) in length and 205 meters (674 ft.) at its greatest width.
6. Most of the walls of the Alhambra were originally whitewashed, but today, after years of elements and wind, they appear reddish like the clay in the soil in the area.
7. The Alhambra Nazrid Dynasty was the longest lasting dynasty of the Muslims during their 781 years presence in Spain.
8. The (ort) Alcazaba of Alhambra was built as part of the city ramparts in the 9th century. It continues to be part of the city of Granada today.
9. During the French Domination of Spain, 1809 to 1812, several towers of the Alhambra were destroyed but later restored, some of which was done as late as the 20th century.
10. The Alhambra is surrounded by river Darro on its northern side, valley of al-Sabika on its southern side and street Cuesta del Rey Chico on its eastern side
The Alhambra is not only Spain's greatest architectural treasure, but one of the world's wonders and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Walking past its austere exterior no one would know the splendor created only for the Sultan, his family and court. You will experience cunningly devised gardens and finely carved palace walls and ceilings...
Its construction was begun in the 11th century on the red hill known as As Sabika, which overlooks Granada. The Alcazaba fortress was the first structure to be built, followed by the royal palace court and residence of the Sultan and his family.
The Generalife Gardens followed, the working summer estate on the Cerro del Sol where the Sultan, his family and priviledged guests spent their time enjoying the cool breezes when the heat was overbearing elsewhere.ble click here to add text.